Heraldry of the World

The largest heraldry site on the net, with presently coats of arms on-line !

You are here : Home > Europe > Spain


Heraldica Española - Spanish Civic Heraldry


King Charles IV granted the ams on 28 August 1803.

Santa Cruz was founded on the 3rd of May 1496, when the Castilian forces of conquest disembarked at the shore. Alonso Fernandez de Lugo, the 'Adelantado', Commander of the Army, planted a wooden cross on the shore. A mass was celebrated, and following the festivity of the day ('The Holy Cross'), a town was founded under the name 'Holy Cross of Tenerife' (Santa Cruz de Tenerife). The cross in the arms is thus a canting symbol for this occasion.

The granting of the Coat of Arms and the declaration of Santa Cruz as an incorporated town was direct consequence of the third victory over the British in their attempts to occupy the site, when Admiral Sir Horace Nelson was defeated and lost his right arm on 25 July 1797.
This victory is symbolised by the three lion's heads. The arms of England bear three lions, the colour is made black as a sign for the treachery of the attack against a peaceful town. The heads also represent the three defeated admirals : Nelson, Blake and Jennings.

As the last victory over Nelson took place on the 25th of July, the feast of Santiago, the cross and the sword of the Order of Santiago are placed through the head representing Nelson and run behind the cross.

The bordure represents the fact that the city is on an island in the Atlantic Ocean. The volcano in the top of the bordure is the Teide, the highest point in Spain. The castles represent the fortresses of San Cristobal, San Juan and Paso Alto. The anchors represent the rich harbour.

The arms may be further decorated with a orle of laurel, a symbol of an undefeated town, as well as the Medal of Charity, granted by Queen Regent María Cristina in 1893 during the cholera epidemic, in which the citizens behaved bravely.

Literature : de Cadenas, A. A. and de Cadenas, V. : Heraldica de las comunidades autonomas y de las capitales de provincia. Hidalguia, Madrid, 1985; Background info provided by Julio N. Rancel (rancel@jrancel.org).

Home © Ralf Hartemink 1996, ->

See also my other sites Food-Info.net and Food Dictionary

This site is private and non-commercial. All sources are mentioned when known. If you own copyrights to the information provided and are not mentioned, please contact the webmaster.

The information (texts or pictures) of this site may be used for private purposes but only after permission of the webmaster and with credit/link to this site. Be aware that for many non-commercial purposes permission of the (municipal) council to which the arms belong is needed ! When not sure, contact the council.
Use of the images in Wikipedia is allowed with reference to this site and/or the original source as mentioned on the site. Use template {{ngw}} for Dutch images and {{ngw2}} for non-Dutch images and always add original source. It is not allowed to use texts of this site on Wikipedia without permission !

For commercial purposes permission of the council as well as the webmaster of this site is always needed. The webmaster of this site is not responsible for commercial use of the material provided.
Disclaimer last changed on April 29, 2008 (addition Wikipedia templates), previous change January 2007 (addition Wikipedia text), previous change 2001.