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Civic Heraldry of the United Kingdom

Scottish National Arms

Origin/meaning :
The Arms of Scotland: The shield bears the famous arms, Gold, a lion rampant gules armed and langued azure, within a double tressure flory counter-flory gules. The crest is the lion sejant affronté on a royal crown, holding a sword and a sceptre. The supporters are unicorns with antique crowns about their necks and royal crowns on their heads, one bearing a banner of Scotland and the other of St Andrew. The collar and pendant of the Order of the Thistle surround the shield, and thistles grow from the ground forming the compartment. The Scottish royal motto appears above the crest, and the motto of the Order of the Thistle below the shield.

The Royal Arms as Used in Scotland: by comparison with the frontispiece, it will be seen that in this version of the royal arms precedence is given to the Scottish components. The Sottish arms occupy the first and fourth quarters of the shield, those of England being placed in the second quarter. The crest of Scotland is used. The Scottish unicorn forms the dexter supporter, and is crowned; it maintains a banner of St Andrew, while the English lion, on the sinister side, bears that of St George. The shield is encircled with the collar and pendant of the Order of the Thistle. Thistles (and in some representations roses and shamrock also) spring from the ground on which the supporters stand.

Literature : Image and information provided by Mike Oettle, South Africa

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