District (Kreis) : Ostalbkreis (until 1973 Schwäbisch Gmünd)
Additions : 1970s Bargau, Degenfeld, Grossdeinbach, Herlikofen, Lindach, Rechberg, Strassdorf, Weiler in den Bergen
State : Baden-Württemberg
The city was founded around 1160 by the Staufen family, Dukes of Schwaben. In 1260 the city became a free imperial city until 1803.
The unicorn already appears on the first known seal of the city, dating from before 1250. Ever since the seals and arms of the city have shown the unicorn. The meaning or origin of the unicorn are not clear, however. The first coloured images show a golden unicorn, since the early 17th century the unicorn is silver, sometimes still with a golden horn.
Literature : Stadler, K. : Deutsche Wappen - Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Angelsachsen Verlag, 1964-1971, 8 volumes.