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Deutsche Wappen (Gemeindewappen/Kreiswappen)
German Civic Heraldry

SCHMALKALDEN

State : Thüringen
District (Kreis) : Schmalkalden-Meiningen
Additions : 1994 Asbach, Grumbach, Mittelschmalkalden, Mittelstille, Möckers

Wappen von SCHMALKALDEN

Origin/meaning:
Schmalkalden was a possession of both the Counts of Henneberg and the Counts of Hessen from 1360-1583. From 1583-1866 it was only part of Hessen, and from 1866-1918 of the Prussian province of Hessen-Nassau.
The above arms are based on the oldest seal of the city, dating from 1337 and showing a city gate, with in the gate a small shield with the arms of Henneberg (rooster on a mountain). Later seals combined the arms of Henneberg with Hessen (striped lion), as shown in the above arms. The small S above the gate is the town's initial.

After 1583 the arms showed only the lion of Hessen in the small shield. These arms were used until 1993, when the above arms were adopted.

Wappen von SCHMALKALDEN
The arms from 1583-1993
Wappen von SCHMALKALDEN
On a postcard from the early 1990s the arms were shown in the wrong colours

Wappen von SCHMALKALDEN Wappen von SCHMALKALDEN
Seal of the city from around 1900

Wappen von SCHMALKALDEN
The arms as shown in the 1920s.

Literature : Bensing et al., 1984; Hupp, O: Kaffee Hag albums, 1920s



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