Rotherham

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ROTHERHAM

Metropolitan Borough Council

Additions : 1974 Kiveton Park RDC, Maltby UDC, Rawmarsh UDC, Rotherham Borough, Rotherham RDC, Swinton UDC, Wath upon Dearne UDC

Arms (crest) of Rotherham

Official blazon

Arms : Vert on a Fess wavy between in chief a Mitre between two Roses Argent barbed and seeded proper and in base a Cogwheel Argent a Bar wavy Sable.
Crest : On a Wreath of the Colours a demi-Horse Sable resting its dexter hoof upon a Cogwheel proper.
Supporters : On the dexter a Buck and on the sinister a Griffin Or each charged upon the neck with a Bar wavy Sable.
Motto : 'BY INDUSTRY AND HONOUR'

Origin/meaning

The arms were officially granted on February 7, 1983.

The two white roses symbolise York. The Archiepiscopal Mitre is for Thomas Rotherham, Archbishop of York 1480-1500, a native of Rotherham, founder of our lost College of Jesus of Rotherham and benefactor to the church. The wavy bar alludes to the River Rother, and upon it is charged a wavy bar to refer to coal. The cogwheel is a general allusion to industry. The crest is a demi Shire Horse supporting a cogwheel.

The supporters comprise a golden buck, derived from the Arms of Archbishop Rotherham and the former Rotherham C.B.C. and a golden griffin derived from the Arms of the Marquesses and Earls of Rockingham, the Wentworths, and the former Rotherham R.D.C. The Wavy black bar on the neck of each supporter alludes to coal, as does that in the Arms.

County Borough

Arms (crest) of Rotherham

Official blazon

Arms : Vert above two Bars wavy in base Argent a Bridge of three arches throughout proper in chief a Mitre between two Roses of the second.
Crest : On a Wreath of the Colours a Hand proper grasping a Caduceus erect Or.
Supporters : On either side a Stag Or gorged with a Chain pendent therefrom an Escutcheon Sable charged with a Bee volant Gold.
Motto : 'SIC VIRESCIT INDUSTRIA' - Thus industry flourishes

Origin/meaning

The arms were officially granted on October 22, 1947.

The green background, the silver mitre, and the gold stags, are derived from the arms and insignia of Thomas of Rotherham (1423-1500), Archbishop of York, who founded Jesus College, Rotherham and built part of the Church of All Saints. The bridge, like that on the unofficial device used before the arms were granted, represents the ancient bridge at Rotherham. It also refers to the Old Southwark Bridge, built by Rotherham iromasters, and the Bailey bridge, invented by a Rotherham man. The two silver wavy bars are for the rivers Rother and Don, at the junction of which the town is situated, and the white roses indicate the county. The man's hand, naturally coloured, holding Mercury's golden staff represents commerce.

The golden bees typify an industrial town and the black chains around the stags' necks have reference to the town's chief industries of iron and brass founding. The black colour of the small shields is an allusion to the fact that Rotherham is the centre of a coal-mining district.

The motto was in earlier use by the Borough.

Arms of Rotherham

The arms as used on a JaJa postcard +/- 1905
Arms of Rotherham

The arms on a Wills's cigarette card, 1906


Literature : Image and information from here


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