National Arms of the Philippines
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Civic heraldry of the Philippines
National Coat of arms of PHILIPPINES
Paleways of two pieces, azure and gules; a chief argent studded with three mullets equidistant from each other; and, in point of honor, ovoid argent over all the sun rayonnant with eight minor and lesser rays. Beneath shall be the scroll with the words "REPUBLIKA NG PILIPINAS," inscribed thereon.
The arms were officially granted on July 3, 1946 and February 12, 1998.
The lower field symbolise the Spanish occupation (1596-1898) represented by the lion and the American occupation (1898-1946) represented by the eagle. The sun symbolises the independence.
The 3 stars represent the three major island groups namely, Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao, whereas the 8 rays of the sun represent the first 8 provinces (Batangas, Bulacan, Cavite, Manila, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga and Tarlac) that openly revolted against Spain in the late 1800s.
The Philippines were a Spanish colony, which had no own arms, but use dthe arms of the Spanish East Indies. The first real arms were designed in the early 1900s under American rule. The new arms were base don the shield of the United States bearing the arms of the city of Manilla. As a crest the American eagle was used. Beneath the shield was the scroll with the words Philippine Islands. It remained unaltered until the inauguration of Commonwealth of the Philippines in 1935.
The arms from 1900-1935 (image from Wikipedia)
During the Commonwealth Era, the arms were chaned in 1935. The number of stripes reduced from thirteen to two and the silver chief with three five-pointed stars were added. The eagle crest remained but was was slightly enlarged. The arms of manilla were retained, but the name on the scroll was changed to Commonwealth of the Philippines.
The arms from 1935-1946 (image from Wikipedia)
The arms on a 1944 coin
On December 15, 1938, President Manuel L. Quezon installed the Special Committee of Arms of the Philippines. After almost two years of study, the committee recommended certain modifications to the coat of arms of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. They recommended that the eight-ray Philippine sun must be the point of honor. In 1940 they came with a proposal in which the arms of Manilla were replaced by the Philippine sun. The crest was retained and the name on the scroll was reduced to Philippines. The arms were not used widely, due to the outbreak of the Second World War.
The arms from 1940 (image from Wikipedia)
After the war, President Sergio Osmeña reactivated the Philippine Heraldic Committee. They revised the arms by removing the crest and adding the symbols of Spain and the US on the shield. This design was approved by the Congress of the Philippines on July 3, 1946.
The arms from 1946-1978 (image from Wikipedia)
The arms on a 1962 coin
During the administration of President Ferdinand Marcos, the name of the country was was replaced by the motto "Isang Bansa, Isang Diwa" (One Nation, One Spirit). It was approved by the Office of the President on July 31, 1978. However, during the administration of Corazon Aquino, the motto was replaced with a Filipino translation of the original words, Republika ng Pilipinas, which was approved on February 12, 1998.
The arms on a 1981 coin with the national motto
The arms on a 1994 coin
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