Colchester

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Civic heraldry of the United Kingdom
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COLCHESTER

Borough Council

Additions : 1974 Colchester (Borough), Lexden & Winstree RDC, West Mersea UDC, Wivenhoe UDC

Arms (crest) of Colchester

Official blazon

Arms : Gules four Pieces of Wood raguly conjoined in a cross proper each side arm transfixed with a Nail palewise Sable ensigned by an Ancient Crown Or and that in base enfiling a like Crown and transfixed by a like Nail in bend.
Crest : On a Wreath of the Colours issuant from a Chaplet of Roses alternately Gules and Argent a Female Figure habited Azure and Veiled Argent crowned Or holding a Passion Cross Or.
Supporters : To the dexter a Roman Centurion habited and holding in his dexter hand a Short Sword proper and to the sinister an Oyster Fisherman habited and holding in his sinister hand a Length of Rope proper each standing on a Compartment comprising a Grassy Mound proper and an Estuary barry wavy Argent and Azure.
Motto : 'No cross, no crown'

Origin/meaning

The arms were officially granted on 1976, augmenting the traditional arms (see below) with a crest, motto and supporters.

The crest depicts St. Helena and the supporters refer to the town's Roman connections and local industries. The style of the crowns on the shield was also changed from ducal to ancient crowns. The council, however , mainly still uses the old arms.

Borough

Arms (crest) of Colchester

Official blazon

Gules a Cross raguly couped proper the arms joined in fylfot between two Ducal Coronets in chief Or the bottom part of the cross enfiled with a Ducal Coronet of the last beneath each coronet a Nail of the first each piercing the cross.

Origin/meaning

These are not registered with the College of arms but are obviously very ancient.

The coat of arms first appeared on the Royal Charter granted by Henry V in 1413. The red represents the blood of Christ; the green cross, the living cross of Saint Helena; the three crowns, the three Kings from the Nativity Story; and the nails holding the three crowns, the nails which held Christ to the cross.

St. Helena was traditionally born in Colchester in the 3rd Century AD. In the early fourth century she made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land and discovered the true cross growing as a tree at Golgotha. Later she is said to have discovered relics of the Magi, now in Cologne (Köln) Cathedral. Three crowns also appear in the arms of Cologne.

The arms were altered at the time of reformation so as not to appear idolatrous. The living cross was changed to two white ragged staves and the nails were removed. These arms were confirmed in 1558 and recorded in use in 1634. The town council reverted to the original arms in 1915.

Arms (crest) of Colchester

The arms as used on a JaJa postcard +/- 1905
Arms (crest) of Colchester

The arms on a Wills's cigarette card, 1906
Arms (crest) of Colchester

The arms in the Coffee Hag albums +/- 1925


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Literature : Image and information provided by Laurence Jones.


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